Who or what does the Mudfish symbolize in Benin iconography?

Among their pantheon of sacred symbols, the Benin viewed the mudfish (Pylodictis Olivaris or flat-head catfish) as a symbol of power, transformation, and royalty.

Where do the Yoruba legends place their origins?

Almost every Yoruba settlement traces its origin to princes of Ile-Ife. As such, Ife can be regarded as the cultural and spiritual homeland of the Yoruba nation. Archaeologically, the settlement at Ife can be dated to the 4th century BC, with urban structures appearing in the 12th century CE.

What does the use of metal in Kota reliquaries indicate?

This Kota reliquary is almost completely covered with strips of metal, which theoretically would make a scan of the wooden core unsatisfactory. It can also show any anomalies in the figure under the metal skin, such as breaks at the neck.

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How do Mende masks symbolize the ancestral female spirits?

Terms in this set (213) How do Mende masks symbolize the ancestral female spirits? The glistening black surfaces of the masks evoke the ancestral female spirits. It invokes the collective strength of his ancestor kings.

Who carved the famous Festac symbol?

The official emblem of the festival was a replica crafted by Erhabor Emokpae of the royal ivory mask of Benin. The hosting of the festival led to the establishment of the Nigerian National Council of Arts and Culture, Festac Village and the National Theatre, Iganmu, Lagos.

What is an Iyoba How was she important?

In times of war, the Iyoba was the only woman in the kingdom that was constitutionally empowered to participate. As a chief of high rank, she served as the commander of her own military regiment – the Queen’s Own. Following her death, an Iyoba became the patron goddess of her son the king.

How old is Yoruba?

The Yoruba -speaking peoples share a rich and complex heritage that is at least one thousand years old. Today 18 million Yoruba live primarily in the modern nations of southwestern Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.

Do Re Mi symptoms Yoruba?

The three tones in Yoruba are “ Do Re Mi ” which look like this _ / ( Do =) ( Re =_ ) ( Mi =/) WITHOUT the brackets and = sign. The middle tone ( re ) is just basically normal tone used in English. The ( Do ) tone is a lower tone, and the ( mi ) is a higher tone. Yoruba also has its own alphabet.

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Is Edo part of Yoruba?

Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory — Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi. The Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi, on Tuesday said Benin Kingdom in Edo State remained part of the expansive Yoruba race, a pronouncement that may spark fresh rivalry and altercation between people of the two ancient kingdoms.

What are Kota masks used for?

The Kota helmet masks known as emboli or mbuto measure between 40 and 80 cm. In Kota villages the masks are worn during dances in celebration of the initiation of adolescent boys.

Who would wear the Kota mask?

The Kota is from a peace-loving group who live in an area that stretches from East Gabon into the Congo. This mask is to represent the beauty of Punu women, and should only be carved by the men.

How was the Kota reliquary used?

The Kota once used reliquary guardian figures (mbulu ngulu) to protect and demarcate the revered bones of family ancestors. The bones were preserved in containers made of bark or basketry. It is thought that the figurative form of the mbulu ngulu was intended to reinforce and communicate the reliquary’s intense power.

What does the helmet mask represent?

Helmet masks of this kind represent its guardian spirit and allude to an idealized female beauty. Historically, the Sande initiation process took months to complete, yet today sessions are coordinated with the calendars of secondary schools and may be completed during vacations and holidays.

What is the purpose and symbolism of the Mende Sowei mask?

The Sowei mask is used for a girl’s initiation into womanhood within the Mende society. It is decorated with symbolic meanings like a high forehead for mind and knowledge, a bird on top of the head means woman’s natural intuition, while scars decorate the face to show her new, harder life as a woman.

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What does senufo mask represent?

It is a carved wooden helmet mask, which means it is worn over the whole head, and is used in the funerals of the Senufo people. Members of the Poro society, a “secret men’s society,” wear it during the funeral ceremonies of their deceased members to honor them as well as well as ward off evil spirits.

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