What is the importance of the IFE head?

It established significant political and religious authority in the lower Niger region, in what is now modern Nigeria. Its rulers promoted crafts, particularly copper-alloy casting, weaving, and bead-making. Its legacy includes outstanding naturalistic works of art in stone, terracotta and metal.

Why is the head important in West Africa?

The “Ori Olokun” head was chosen as the logo for the All- Africa Games held in Lagos in 1973 and has been adopted as the logo of numerous commercial, educational and financial institutions. Such images have become universal symbols of African heritage.

What is the Nok head?

Nok culture, also called Nok figurine culture, ancient Iron Age culture that existed on the Benue Plateau of Nigeria between about 500 bce and 200 ce. Nok head. A Nok head, made of terra-cotta, found near Jemaa, Nigeria.

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What are the beautiful heads of the Ife culture made of?

The Bronze Head from Ife, or Ife Head, is one of eighteen copper alloy sculptures that were unearthed in 1938 at Ife in Nigeria, the religious and former royal centre of the Yoruba people. It is believed to represent a king.

What is the style of Ife art?

The art -historical importance of Ife works lies in their highly developed and distinctive sculptural style, described alternately as naturalistic, portraitlike, and humanistic. Men are traditionally the sculptors of stone, metal, and wood.

How old is IFE?

Ile Ife, also known as Ife, is an ancient Yoruba city in the southwestern part of Nigeria. Ile Ife is said to be dated back around 500 B.C. when it was founded and is the oldest Yoruba city.

Why are the heads of African sculptures so big?

The head is disproportionately large for the body, reflecting the Yoruba belief that the head is the seat of an individual’s essential energy and being. His face and torso are patterned with parallel scarification ridges that perhaps identify his place of origin and status.

What are African statues used for?

Many West African figures are used in religious rituals and are often coated with materials placed on them for ceremonial offerings. The Mande-speaking peoples of the same region make pieces of wood with broad, flat surfaces and arms and legs are shaped like cylinders.

What elements or principles of art does the piece use?

The elements of art are color, form, line, shape, space, and texture. The principles of art are scale, proportion, unity, variety, rhythm, mass, shape, space, balance, volume, perspective, and depth.

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What is the full meaning of NOK?

NOK means “No One Knows”.

What is a Nok art?

Nok art refers to huge human, animal, and other figures made out of terracotta pottery, made by the Nok culture and found throughout Nigeria.

What does Nok culture mean?

The Nok are significant for being one of very few civilizations in the world that transitioned from stone tools straight to iron tools without first learning how to make copper or bronze tools. The legacy of the Nok people is difficult to determine due to the mystery around their identity and origins.

Why is seated man from Tada probably not a king?

The earliest African sculptures in the round come from Nigeria. The Tada figure also wears only a simple cap and a patterned fabric wrapped around the hips, and it is unlikely the sculpture portrays a king. The seated posture, however, suggests the figure, cast in several pieces, may have been placed on a throne.

When were Ife heads discovered?

This free-standing brass head cast in the lost wax technique was discovered in 1938 at Wunmonije Compound in Ife, Nigeria. It was found by accident during house building works together with sixteen other brass and copper heads and the upper half of a brass figure.

What was the significance of the head of a king sculpture for the Ife culture?

The Ife head is thought to be a portrait of a ruler known as an Ooni or Oni. It was likely made under the patronage of King Obalufon II whose famous naturalistic life size face mask in copper shares stylistic features with this work. Today among the Yoruba, Obalufon is identified as the patron deity of brass casters.

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